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"Michel de Klerk" Tag

Twist and turn over

Wednesday, October 24, 2018

Starting with the research on architecture magazine ‘Wendingen’,

First I checked the context of this magazine in design history at Stedelijk.




Among the interior objects with distinctive decoration style,

the magazine was closely reacting with similar shape, form, and motifs.

Emphasizing emotional resonance and playful imagination, several

authors in the first issue of Wendingen criticized rationalists for

overly rigid and austere rules they apply in design. Published in Amsterdam

during 1918-1932, Wendingen mainly functioned as a mouthpiece of

architectural movement ‘Amsterdamse school’.

IMG_E1508 IMG_E1496


(Cover design by El Lissitzky / Michel de Klerk)

Amsterdamse school

‘Amsterdamse school’ is the design movement flourished from

1910 through 1930 in the Netherlands, with the advent of

industrialization in 19th century. It started with the aim to lift the

living condition of working class, covering from social housing complex, school,

church, bridge, monument to furniture, textile, objects. It’s playful, romantic

and organic style gave rise to expressionistic architecture.

Het Schip

Het schip is one of the most iconic buildings of Amsterdamse school.

It’s built as social housing complex,

currently used as museum of Amsterdamse school and residential building.

(Architect : Michel de Klerk)




Museum offers overview about history of public housing history of

Amsterdam with the feature timeline and audio/visual guide.

Main focus is settled on Amsterdamse school and magazine Wendingen,

IMG_2678 IMG_2717 IMG_2699



Amsterdamse school in Eindhoven

This movement was not only limited to Amsterdam.

We can also find Amsterdam School style constructions in other dutch cities.

Amid visiting Eindhoven for Dutch design week, I visited some buildings

constructed by the style of Amsterdamse school.


House built in 1924 after a design by F. Wolters. It is included in the

western street wall of the Markt, in the center of Eindhoven.



Dating from 1875, the building was originally a Van Gardinge cigar factory.

After closure of this factory in 1926, it converted into an apartment in 1927.

The only work by architect Van der Meij, One of the first dutch examples of

the reuse of industrial heritage.

Self-guided tour of Amsterdamse school architecture is possible

If you enter this website.


It is a website dedicated for Amsterdamse school, made and supported by

museum Het Schip. You can find digital image archive of buildings, bridges,

furniture, and artists of this movement.

I used information in this website as a foundation of my research plan.


Map around Gerrit Rietveld Academie with the Amsterdamse school spots.

Biking or walking around the city, I occasionally found some remarkable

buildings, bridges or sculptures that drew my attention. But I used to pass over

regarding it as just nice city design of Netherlands.

After this research, the perception about the city totally turned over.

The vague interest became clear, enabling myself to respect and

understand the city I moved in.

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